Understanding Pediatric Cataracts

Eye problems can occur at any age. If they are not addressed early when they occur in children, they can have a direct impact on their physical and emotional development. The inability to be able to see clearly will often affect how your child learns to read, write and even speak. Unfortunately, pediatric cataracts can affect what your child sees. Luckily, when the cataracts are caught early, they can be addressed and corrected by a Pediatric Ophthalmologist. Once corrected, your child is often able to enjoy perfect vision.

What Are Pediatric Cataracts

When you think of cataracts, you think of the white film that you often see formed over an old person’s eye. Unfortunately, children can actually be born with cataracts, or develop them at a very early age.

Cataracts are any type of cloudiness or opacity that covers the lens of the eye, which should normally be crystal clear. When present, they impede the flow of light that enters the eye and is projected to the retina. This distorts the image that is formed on the retina and sent to the brain, which in turn affects the way your child will see.

When these form in children and are not addressed, they can lead to complete vision loss. It is estimated that infantile cataracts are seen in 3 out of every 10,000 births, and are responsible for up to 20% of blindness in children worldwide.

What Causes Pediatric Cataracts?

Pediatric cataracts often have no identifiable source, except those that are caused by a known trauma to the eye. Those that do have a source can often be traced back to one of several different sources. These include:

How Are Pediatric Cataracts Addressed?

Some cataracts in newborns are detected shortly after birth. If they are already advanced, your child’s lens may appear to be cloudy instead of clear. How developed, or advanced they are, as well as where they are located will indicate how soon you need to have these addressed. If they are small, or not affecting your child’s central vision, your doctor may advise you to have a Pediatric Ophthalmologist monitor them and address them later.

If the cataracts are large, or blocking your child’s central vision, your doctor may advise you to consult a Pediatric Ophthalmologist about having them removed. Even when detected at birth, many Ophthalmologists will recommend waiting a few weeks for your child to have cataract surgery. With the optimal time for surgery being when your child is between the ages of 6 weeks to 3 months

Once the cataract is removed, many doctors will implant an intraocular lens (IOL). This will allow your child’s vision to be corrected without the use of eyeglasses or contact lenses. It will be really important that your child is followed by an ophthalmologist as they grow and develop, as this lens may need to be changed out as your child’s vision changes.

Other doctors may choose not to use intraocular lens but may choose to use glasses or even contact lenses in lieu of IOLs to correct your child’s vision. Still other physicians may recommend using contacts for a period of time and implanting IOLs at a later time. Your ophthalmologist will discuss these options with you, as well as the pros and cons of each. 

Never take a chance when it comes to your child’s vision. As already stated, this is a critical sense for their complete and total development. If needed, know that a Pediatric Ophthalmologist will be a valued member of your child’s healthcare team, and they will do everything they can to ensure your child’s eye problems are addressed.

Visit a site like http://www.drgrantmdretinalspecialist.com for more information on local ophthalmologists. 

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2 Changes You Can Make In Your Life To Help You Lose Weight

Trying to lose weight can be frustrating and unsuccessful when you don’t go about it in the right manner. With a healthy diet and regular exercise, you can achieve weight loss. Here are two changes you can make in your life to help your weight loss efforts.

Add Natural Yeast into Your Diet

For 6,000 years, people on the earth used natural yeast to make their bread. After World War II, a synthetic dry yeast became available to buy and use in breads, followed by a rapid-rising yeast in 1984. This type of synthetic yeast makes baking quick and convenient, but it is foreign to your digestive system and can cause many types of problems, including weight gain. Synthetic yeast also does not have all the health benefits that original natural yeast has. 

When you use natural yeast to make your breads, waffles, tortillas, crackers, and other types of grains, it can prevent weight gain that normally occurs in your body when you eat these types of foods. The natural yeast breaks down harmful enzymes that are found in grains, and converts the wheat into a food that is easily digestible. This prevents your blood sugar from spiking and falling, which can cause you to eat more when you become hungry again after your blood sugar falls. Then, lactic acid and natural salts in bread made from natural yeast slows down digestion to make you feel full longer.

Besides helping with weight gain, using a natural yeast maximizes your bread’s natural vitamins, minerals, and fiber to help you get more nutrients while dieting exercising. If you suffer from gluten intolerances, natural yeast can help prevent and reverse this condition, and in some cases has helped reverse Celiac’s disease. Natural yeast is also pre-biotic and pro-biotic, which encourages growth of important beneficial bacteria in your body for healthy digestion.

When you use natural yeast to bake breads and other grain products, a little patience and planning is required. You need to allow time for the yeast to rise in the dough, which can be done overnight in some recipes, but the health benefits are definitely worth it. To start growing your own natural yeast, you can order a 200-year-old natural yeast start online or buy it at a local health food store.

Add Weight Resistance into Your Workout

It is well known that to lose weight you need to move more and burn more calories than you take in. So, if you are already doing a daily cardiovascular workout, but not seeing the weight loss you want, there is a way to increase the number of calories you burn during your workout, and all day long. The key is to build more muscle in your body through strength training exercises. 

Research has found that one pound of muscle will burn seven to ten calories per day, but one pound of fat will only burn two to three calories per day. Then, the more muscle you gain, the more calories you can burn. So, continue doing your cardiovascular workouts along with strength training to burn more muscle as your metabolism increases. With more muscle, your body will need more calories to move and to maintain itself. For example, your heart uses energy to pump blood through your body, your lungs use energy to breathe, and your body uses energy to grow new cells and repair itself. 

There are several ways you can incorporate strength training into your daily workouts. Push-ups and plank exercises are a good way to strengthen your body’s core muscles. You can begin by doing push-ups every day at home, increasing the number of push-ups each day. Plank exercises are also easy to do at home and can be completed by holding your body in a push-up position, resting your upper body on your forearms or the palms of your hands. You can also join a local gym and hire a personal trainer to help you learn strength training exercises. Or you can use the weight machines at your local gym, following the instruction diagrams on each weight machine. 

Make these two changes to your life to help in your weight loss efforts. For more information, contact a company like Chicago Weight Loss Clinic.

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An In-Depth Look At Dental Bonding

If you’re looking forward to a better smile, then you’ll probably want to take a look at dental bonding. It’s one of several popular options for those wanting to improve the natural appearance of their teeth. The following goes into detail about the procedure, its advantages over other procedures and its financial cost to you.

How Dental Bonding Works

Compared to other dental procedures, dental bonding is a relatively simple process. As the name suggests, dental bonding involves adhering or “bonding” a composite resin over your existing teeth. The actual bond is made with a specialized ultraviolet (UV) light or laser tool, hardening the resin material onto the tooth surface.

You’re probably wondering exactly how the procedure will play out in the dentist’s chair, so here’s what you can expect during the procedure:

  • After a cursory inspection of your teeth, your dentist may trim the surface of the tooth to prevent it from crowding the surrounding teeth once the resin shell is in place.
  • For the next step, your dentist will apply a mild etching solution to the surface of the tooth. This will give the tooth enough of a rough surface for the resin to bond properly.
  • After roughing up the tooth surface, your dentist will apply the resin material onto your tooth. The resin material looks like and can be shaped like putty, plus it’s carefully colored to closely match the natural shade of your teeth.
  • Once the resin putty has been properly shaped and molded, a UV light or laser will be used to cure the resin. Some polishing and last-minute shaping may be in order to match your teeth’s natural appearance as closely as possible.

Once finished, you shouldn’t be able to tell the difference between the dental bond and your own natural teeth.

Advantages and Drawbacks

There are plenty of advantages when it comes to dental bonding:

  • According to CostHelper, a typical dental bonding procedure costs an average of $300 per tooth, with some dentists charging as low as $100 per tooth.
  • Most dental bonding procedures can be done in less than 60 minutes for each tooth. It’s possible for a complete bonding procedure to be done in just one office visit.
  • It can be done without the need for anesthesia, unless dental bonding techniques are used to fill cavities.

However, there are a few caveats to take note of:

  • Dental bonding resins are designed to last a long time, but they’re not quite as durable as crowns, fillings or veneers. Bonded teeth can also chip or even break under some circumstances.
  • Some resin formulas and shades may not resist staining as well as others.
  • Your insurance plan may not cover this cosmetic procedure, so you should be prepared to pay out-of-pocket.

When to Consider Dental Bonding

Dental bonding is a great option for changing the outward appearance of your teeth, as well as for repairing physical damage to your teeth, including cracked, chipped or otherwise decayed sections of teeth. It’s also a good cosmetic alternative to amalgam fillings, which can be more noticeable in many cases. If you’re not satisfied with the overall appearance of your teeth, you can use dental bonding to make them appear longer, close large spaces in between teeth and change the overall shape of your teeth.

Dental bonding can even be used as a way to protect your teeth. Dental bonding resin can hide exposed portions of teeth caused by receding gums, preventing your teeth from being exposed to further damage.

Dental Bonding vs. Veneers

It’s also important to note the differences between dental bonding and veneers, which are also popular for restoring a flawless smile. Whereas dental bonding uses moldable resins, veneers consist of a thin porcelain shell that fits over the tooth. The shell is usually kept in place with an adhesive, which may also be UV activated.

For more information, contact a local dental clinic like Bristol Dental Group

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3 Ways A Midwife Can Help You Avoid Birth Disappointment

Pregnancy and childbirth can be sensitive subjects for any woman. Whether this is your first baby or whether you’re an experienced mother, chances are that you have an idea in your head about how you would like your pregnancy and childbirth experience to go. In fact, women who have childbirth experiences that deviate greatly from their ideal, planned birth sometimes experience birth disappointment, which can trigger postpartum depression and lead to problems breastfeeding or bonding with the baby. Take a look at a few ways that using a midwife can help you avoid the experience of birth disappointment.

Holistic Care

Before you get to childbirth, you have to get through months of prenatal care. Assuming that you’re generally healthy, the chances are good that you’ll see your prenatal care provider far more often than you would normally see any other medical provider in the same timeframe. Wouldn’t it be nice if your medical care during that time focused on your whole self, and not just on the baby?

One of the biggest benefits of using a midwife is that they are more likely to provide holistic care than an obstetrician is. That means that they focus on your whole self, not just the parts of you involved in birthing a baby. Because most midwives promote a natural approach to childbirth, they’ll use the prenatal period to encourage your overall health and well-being, which will help you in your ability to give birth in a healthy, natural way. Your appointments with a midwife shouldn’t feel rushed or perfunctory. A midwife will take the time to answer your questions and address concerns about all aspects of your life and health. If you want to discuss your diet, any fears you have about childbirth and motherhood, or even the impact that your pregnancy has on your relationship, you should be able to do that. Midwives also tend to be well-informed about breastfeeding and infant care and can continue to provide assistance after the birth as well.


Are you dreaming of a water birth? Would you like to give birth at home, in surroundings that are comfortable and familiar to you? Would you prefer a hospital-like setting, but want to be able to walk around until the last minute, eat during labor, or give birth in a more natural squatting position, rather than on your back?

Most obstetricians offer only one choice when it comes to childbirth – the hospital. When you choose to deliver with a midwife, you’ll have the option to choose the setting that appeals most to you, whether that’s a homebirth in your own bed, giving birth in a pool of water, or giving birth in a birthing center with fewer restrictions than the average hospital maternity ward. And if a hospital setting is your preference, that’s OK too – many Certified Nurse Midwives offer that option as well.

Fewer Interventions

The most important thing when it comes to reducing the risk of birth disappointment is to reduce your chances of medical interventions. Medical interventions can include anything from electronic fetal monitoring to induction of labor to a Caesarean section. Very often, one medical intervention leads to another, resulting in a birth that looks very different from the natural childbirth you envisioned. Studies show that women who received their care from midwives were less likely to receive many types of medical interventions, including anesthesia, episiotomies, and C-sections.

However, just because midwife care tends to lead to fewer interventions doesn’t mean that a medical intervention won’t be available to you if you need it. Midwives are trained to know when to call in emergency services or send a patient to the hospital when it becomes necessary, and many midwives maintain a relationship with an obstetrician who can be called upon to take over prenatal care if the pregnancy becomes high-risk.

Ultimately, you should always choose the medical provider that makes you the most comfortable, whether that’s a midwife or an obstetrician. Consider meeting with one or more of each type of prenatal care provider before choosing which way you plan to go. That will help you make the right decision for your pregnancy. If you are interested in midwife services, check out a site like http://www.whallc.com for more information.

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3 Treatment Options For Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a somewhat common type of eye disease, yet it is not the type you want to get. If you were recently diagnosed with glaucoma, your eye doctor may have told you that there is no treatment option that is 100% effective for stopping the damage this disease causes. In other words, there are ways you can treat it; however, it could still end up stealing your vision from you at some point. Here are some of the treatment options your eye doctor may recommend.

Eye Drops

When an eye doctor first diagnoses glaucoma, he or she might recommend treating it with eye drops. The drops are designed to reduce the pressure in the eyes, which is helpful because high pressure in the eyes is a leading cause of glaucoma. The eye drops are also designed to help your eyes drain fluid in a way that is normal.

Eye drops can work well for many people with glaucoma; however, there is a downside. Using eye drops may have adverse effects to your health, depending on the way your body responds. The other problem with using eye drops is that it can be a hard habit to get into. Eye drops may work great for you if you use them as prescribed, but they are easy to forget. If you forget to use them, the symptoms of your glaucoma can worsen.

Some doctors prescribe oral pills instead of eye drops. These are designed to offer the same effects, but you must remember to take them daily.

Laser Surgery

If you cannot get in the habit of using your eye drops or if they are not helping at all, your eye doctor may suggest laser surgery. Laser surgery is a common treatment option used for glaucoma, and it involves creating small holes in your irises. These small holes are designed to reduce the pressure in your eyes and allow the eyes to drain. Both of these effects are great for anyone with glaucoma.

Laser surgery tends to offer effective results for many people, but it does not always remove the need for using eye drops or other medication. In some cases, people will need to have this surgery repeated at some point in time, because the effects can wear off. In addition, having laser surgery for this purpose may increase your risks for developing cataracts.

Eye Stent

A third option available today for treating glaucoma is through an eye stent. An eye stent is a small device that is often made from silicone or polypropylene, and it is 20,000 times smaller than the lens placed in a person’s eye during cataract surgery.

This stent is also designed to offer the same effects as the other treatment options, but it does it in a way that is slightly different. When the pressure and fluid in the eye builds up, the stent gives it a way to exit the eyes if the eyes cannot do it naturally.

Choosing an eye stent for treating your glaucoma offers several benefits over the other options:

  • It is permanent: You will typically never need to have the surgery completed again.
  • You will not need medication: Research in this subject shows the majority of people that get eye stents do not need to use any other type of medication.

An eye stent procedure takes approximately the same amount of time as having cataracts removed, and it is minimally invasive. It is also safe and offers great results for most people.

If you are diagnosed with glaucoma, you should take this seriously. Without the right treatment, this disease could prevent you from seeing. To learn more about your treatment options, contact resources like Country Hills Eye Center.

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Why Would Your Doctor Recommend A Transvaginal Ultrasound?

At the end of the first trimester, most pregnant women undergo a transabdominal ultrasound to check the health of their unborn baby. This procedure generally gives doctors the information they need, but some situations mean that a physician may need to check the fetus earlier in the pregnancy. During the early stages of your pregnancy, your doctor may recommend that you undergo a transvaginal ultrasound. Learn more about the reasons why you may need this type of diagnostic.

To confirm the date of your pregnancy

Following a positive pregnancy test, most women can estimate their baby’s due date (or estimated date of confinement). Most pregnant women simply count from the first day of their last period, which normally falls around two weeks before conception. From here, you can then estimate the date you should expect your baby to arrive.

In some cases, it’s harder to make these estimates. For example, if you aren’t certain when your last menstrual period took place, it’s difficult to accurately estimate your due date. This lack of information could prove problematic for your healthcare provider later in the pregnancy, especially if your baby experiences developmental problems.

A transvaginal ultrasound in the first trimester can often give your doctor a more accurate estimate of the due date. Ideally, you will have the test as early in the pregnancy as possible, as this increases the accuracy of the result.

To diagnose an ectopic pregnancy

An ectopic pregnancy occurs when the fetus forms outside the uterus. Unfortunately, ectopic pregnancies are increasingly common in the United States, particularly in women aged 35 to 44. What’s more, over 40 women die from this serious condition every year, so early detection is vital.

Symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy can include vaginal bleeding, nausea and abdominal pain. It’s not always easy to diagnose this dangerous condition, so your doctor may recommend a transvaginal ultrasound if he or she suspects an ectopic pregnancy. This type of scan is a more accurate way to diagnose the problem than an abdominal ultrasound. Don’t worry. A transvaginal ultrasound cannot harm you or your baby if the pregnancy is normal, either.

To detect early risk of miscarriage

Experts estimate that around a quarter of all pregnancies in the United States end in miscarriage. There are many causes of miscarriage, including hormone problems, infections, obesity and issues with the immune system, but the outcome is always devastating for the parents. During the early stages of pregnancy, your healthcare provider will want to detect and act upon any symptom that indicates a higher risk of miscarriage.

If you have previously suffered a miscarriage, or if you have certain underlying health conditions, your doctor may recommend a transvaginal ultrasound. These scans offer better, clearer images of your pelvic organs during pregnancy, which can help a doctor detect potential miscarriage risks more easily. For example, the technician may see that the pregnancy sac is small or irregular. An abdominal ultrasound may not detect this symptom.

To detect twins or triplets

Twins and triplets are more likely to experience problems during pregnancy. The gestation period for a single baby is 39 weeks, but this figure drops to 36 weeks for twins and 32 weeks for triplets. Unfortunately, a shorter gestation period increases the risk of preterm delivery, which puts your baby at higher risk of complications.

As such, your healthcare provider will want to confirm a multiple pregnancy as early as possible. Factors that increase the possibility of multiple births include:

  • A family history of multiple births
  • IVF-assisted reproduction
  • Symptoms like severe morning sickness

A transvaginal ultrasound can often more accurately detect a multiple birth in the first trimester. This information can then help your obstetrician plan special care measures during the early stages of your pregnancy. For example, you may need more scans and tests to look for the signs of any developmental issues.

A transvaginal ultrasound is a harmless, effective way to get more accurate information about an unborn fetus during the first trimester. Talk to someone from a place like EVDI Medical Imaging, for more information and advice.

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How To Relieve Back Pain Due To Sacroiliitis When You Have Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease is a disorder of the bowels that causes continual inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. This disease, which is often hereditary, affects the small bowel, colon and any other part of the digestive system. In addition to common symptoms of abdominal pain and diarrhea, Crohn’s patients often experience back pain and stiffness due to the development of sacroiliitis. This condition occurs when there is inflammation on either side of the lower spine in the sacroiliac joint. If you have sacroiliitis caused by Crohn’s disease, read the information below to learn how you can relieve pain in your lower back.

Use Heat Therapy

Placing a heating pad, hot water bottle or a warm gel pack on your lower back helps reduce sacroiliitis back pain in several ways. The warm sensation gets the blood flowing as it dilates the blood vessels in the muscles. This rebuilds damaged tissue by increasing the flow of oxygen.

Warmth also stimulates the nerve endings in the skin and decreases the transmission of pain signals to the brain. Heat also reduces stiffness and makes your back more stretchable by expanding the soft tissue and muscles around the spine.

When using heat therapy to ease back pain, place the source of heat on your lower back for 15 to 20 minutes. If you are using a hot water bottle, make sure the water is not too hot that it causes burns or discomfort.

Adjust Your Sleep Position

If your lower back pain is worse in the morning and you feel stiff getting out of bed, it may be your sleep position. Certain sleep positions lessen back pain for people who have sacroiliitis due to Crohn’s disease. After getting into bed, rest on your back, bend your knees slightly and position a pillow underneath your knees.

If your back pain feels worse when you are standing, you can benefit from sleeping in a recliner or in a bed that adjusts at the head. When you sleep with your head up and your knees tucked up in front of you, this helps alleviate pressure off the lower back.

Practice Spine Exercises

When you exercise your spine, you are forcing movement in the lumbar region, which helps reduce stiffness and pain. Follow the steps below to exercise your lower back.

  1. Situate yourself in a prone position on the floor.
  2. Bend both legs at the knees while keeping your feet flat.
  3. Move both knees simultaneously from side to side while keeping your spine still.
  4. Continue moving your knees back and forth for 30 seconds.

Maintain Good Posture

When you have sacroiliitis and Crohn’s disease, it is essential that you watch your posture to keep your entire body balanced and supported. If you slouch while standing or sitting, this strains your lower back muscles and puts added stress on your spine. A habit of not sitting up straight will cause the ligaments in your spine to stretch out and strain the discs.

To keep your back from becoming sore while sitting in a chair, keep your back and shoulders straight against the back of the chair. Avoid leaning forward and keep your feet even on the floor in front of your body. If necessary, use a footstool so your feet will not be dangling.

If possible, get up out of your chair frequently and take short walks if your back begins to feel tired or achy. As you are walking, keep most of your weight on the balls of your feet and do not walk on your heels. Stand up straight, keep your feet aligned with your shoulders and keep your arms down at your sides.

By following the tips above, you can minimize lower back pain from sacroiliitis. If necessary, visit a back pain specialist for specialized treatment options to relieve back pain symptoms due to Crohn’s disease.

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